THC, or tetrahydrocannabinol, is the best known cannabinol in the cannabis plant; Is primarily responsible for the psychoactive effects of cannabis.


What is THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol)?

Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is the main psychoactive component of cannabis, we can say that it is responsible for the “To get high” always depending on the amount of THC concentration in the seeds and the amount consumed. In the pure state they look like crystals at low temperatures, when heat is applied it becomes viscous and sticky.

Tetrahydrocannabinolic acid, ATHC, is the most abundant cannabinoid of cannabis, which is converted into THC when decarboxylation of ATHC occurs and this occurs when sufficient heat is applied to allow this process to occur. So it must be cooked before mixing it with other ingredients, such as for preparing cookies, biscuits … etc if you want to have psychoactive effects. In the case of cannabis smoking, directly, it is in the combustion that occurs when the cigar is shed, when ATHC is converted into psychoactive THC. The ATHC is found in cannabis that is fresh and not dry.

THC is found in a higher concentration (5-10%) in female flowers, Indica and Sativa subspecies, and leaves that grow near plants but are unfertilized or pollinated by male flowers. When female plants are fertilized, the THC content decreases. Cannabis seeds have no THC concentration. In recent years seed banks have cultivated new varieties of seeds with a more potent concentration of THC.

* Psychoactive is considered as natural chemical or chemical origin that exerts a direct effect on the central nervous system (CNS) and causes specific changes in its functions, being able to inhibit the pain, to modify the mental state or to alter the perceptions.

THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol) effect

THC is similar to the cannabinoid chemicals that the body naturally produces because of this similarity, THC can be connected to molecules called cannabinoid receptors that are found in neurons in these regions of the brain and activate them, thus disturbing several mental functions and physical, influence pleasure, memory, thought, concentration, movement, coordination, sensory and temporal perception.

The receivers CB1 receptors are located in the basal ganglia, the central areas below the cerebral cortex, which influence the motor (movement), cognitive and limbic (emotions) systems. The neural communication network used by these cannabinoid neurotransmitters, known as the endocannabinoid system, influences the development and functioning of the central and peripheral nervous system.

How does THC affect humans?

THC can act differently depending on each person. The effect it produces will also depend on the dose ingested, the level of concentration and the physical and mental condition of the patient, all of which can be said that its effects can cause both gratifying and positive effects as well as causing adverse reactions.

The effect of THC can lead to inhibition of pain, changes in mood or perceptions. These alterations will last for the duration of the effect of THC in the body, therefore they are transient effects and the intensity of the “To get high” as we have said above will depend on the concentration level of THC and quantity consumed.

As we have said THC can have adverse reactions, just like any drug consumed in high doses, can affect thinking and interfere in the learning process, perform new more complex tasks, posture, coordination and temporal reaction, also when a person has taken or smoked more than the account, can have problems to conduct and to practice physical activities like for example doing some sport. Episodes of acute psychosis may also occur, with hallucinations, mirages, and loss of personal identity.

THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol) acts on cannabis receptors, and activates the brain gratification system, which includes brain regions that regulate healthy responses to pleasurable behaviors such as sex and eating.

That is, by consuming THC the neurons of the gratification system are stimulated to release the chemical * dopamine to higher levels that are normally released in people before natural stimuli or performing physical activities. This flow of dopamine contributes to the pleasurable sensation of “doping” or being “floating”. This process is what can cause any drug.